Concentration Camps Germany Map
Dachau the first concentration camp was established near munich in march 1933 two months after hitler s appointment as chancellor of germany the mayor of munich at the time described the camp as a place to detain political opponents of the nazi policy.
Concentration camps germany map. This article presents a partial list of the most prominent nazi concentration camps and extermination camps set up across europe before and during the course of world war ii and the holocaust a more complete list drawn up in 1967 by the west german ministry of justice names about 1 200 camps and subcamps in countries occupied by germany. Nazi germany maintained concentration camps german. Nazi camps in occupied europe 1943 1944 category. This large camp held many political prisoners including writers doctors former nobility.
Only three months later the organization of administration and guard duties as well as the pattern of ill treatment of prisoners had already been implemented. It included 80 satellite camps between 1938 and 1945. Some of the data presented in this table originates from the monograph titled the war against the jews by lucy dawidowicz among similar others. Used to hold and torture political opponents and union organizers the camps initially held.
Auschwitz the most infamous nazi camp was just one of more than 850 camps. The first prisoners arrived on 15 july 1937 and had to clear the area of trees and build the camp s structures. Encyclopedia of jewish and israeli history politics and culture with biographies statistics articles and documents on topics from anti semitism to zionism. Transit camps such as westerbork gurs mechelen and drancy and some concentration camps like bolzano and fossoli.
View holocaust concentration camps in a larger map. Konzentrationslager kl or kz throughout the territories it controlled before and during world war ii the first nazi camps were erected in germany in march 1933 immediately after hitler became chancellor and his nazi party was given control of the police by reich interior minister wilhelm frick and prussian acting interior minister hermann göring. Throughout german occupied europe millions of jews were deported to death camps in poland where they were systematically killed and to concentration camps for forced labor. First extermination camp only 2 people were known to have survived.
The neuengamme concentration camp in a former brick factory in the outskirts of hamburg was the largest camp in the north of germany. The most famous and largest of all nazi camps because of its size and the large number of lives lost within the walls of this death camp. There were 20 main concentration camps plus another four extermination camp complexes. The camp designed to hold 8 000 prisoners was intended to replace several smaller concentration camps nearby including bad sulza sachsenburg and lichtenburg.
Table of contents ghettos in europe displace persons camps. Anne frank and her sister margot died here.
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