Major Rainforests Of The World Map
The forest covers the basin of the amazon the world s second longest river.
Major rainforests of the world map. About 500 variety of mammals has been registered. Total 57 of all tropical rainforests are found in latin america. Out of over 10 000 identified species of plants in the congo rain forest about twenty nine percent of them are uniquely indigenous. Total 18 are located in west africa.
Of the earth s surface only 6 is covered by tropical rainforest. It has an area of 5 500 000 km2 and covers most of the amazon basin of south america and runs through brazil peru colombia venezuela ecuador bolivia guyana suriname and french guiana. More precisely these forests exist between latitudes 25 and 50 on either side of the equator. The amazon jungle is the world s largest tropical rainforest.
The amazon river also runs through the forest. The region in which temperate forests lies is known as the. Tropical rainforests are located near the equator between the tropic of cancer at 23 5 north and the tropic of capricorn at 23 5 south of the equator. Congo rainforest is considered to be one of the most important ecological balancers.
Tropical rainforests are in central and southern america they can also be found in africa and australia. They are evergreen have a warm and wet climate and receive consistent rainfall at least 2 000mm annually. 25 of the world s tropical rainforests are located in southeast asia and the pacific islands. By definition a temperate forest is a forest that lies in the region sandwiched by the tropics and the world s polar regions on either side of the equator.
The region was designated as a unesco biosphere reserve in 1997. As they move closer to the poles these forests gradually become boreal forests which have both coniferous and deciduous trees. The territory of the amazon rainforest stretches across nine countries representing over half of the world s remaining rainforests. The amazon is home to the greatest variety of plants and animals on earth.
Close to 1 000 species of birds and more than 500 species of fishes have been recorded in here. The largest rainforests in the world come in two forms. About 70 per cent of the total forest area is in brazil and peru. Congo rainforest is the second largest tropical forest in the world.
The bosawas biosphere reserve in northern nicaragua spans an area of over 5 million acres making it one of the world s largest rainforests. Heavy logging in the past decades reduced the original forest area of about 7 million sq km to 5 5 million sq km. Rainforest locations one third of the world s tropical rainforests are in the brazil region of the world. The major forest types are dry tropical forests in the sahel eastern and southern africa moist tropical forests in western and central africa subtropical forest and woodlands in northern africa and mangroves in coastal zones of the southern tip.
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